Rats and Mice:
Rats and mice live all over the world, often in the vicinity of human populations. They are found indoors, in cellars and storerooms or in sewer systems. Their ready adaptability enables them to cope with a wide variety of living conditions. Historically, rat and mice plagues have often been associated with famines. In some modern large cities, rats have now become a major nuisance.
Rats and mice are both characterized by high reproductive potentials. These animals normally live in family and larger groups. They are generally omnivorous and feed on both plant and animal substances. They possess an excellent sense of smell.
Aside from the significance of feeding damage to foodstuffs, rats and mice are primarily a hygienic problem. Foods contaminated with faeces and urine cannot be consumed. Mice, and above all rats, are significant vectors for transmission of diseases to humans and domestic animals. They can also cause considerable material damage by gnawing.
Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Black rat (Rattus rattus)
House mouse (Mus musculus domesticus)
Common vole (Microtus arvalis)
European water vole (Arvicola terrestris)
European mole (Talpa europaea)